and Goals of the NPAFC
North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission (NPAFC) was established under the
Convention for the Conservation of Anadromous Stocks in the North Pacific
Ocean, signed at Moscow on February 11, 1992 by Canada, Japan, the Russian
Federation and the United States of America (original Parties). The Convention entered into force on February 16, 1993.
On May 27, 2003 the Republic of Korea deposited its instrument of
accession to the Convention and became the fifth member of the NPAFC.
development of the Convention for the Conservation of Anadromous Stocks in
the North Pacific Ocean, the process of establishment of the comprehensive
international regime of conservation of salmon resources in the North
Pacific Ocean has been completed.
Convention is based on the recognition that anadromous stocks intermingle
extensively during their migrations on the high seas of the North Pacific;
that the States of origin have the primary interest in and responsibility
for such stocks; that the fisheries for anadromous stocks should be
conducted only in waters within the 200-mile zones and that the States of
origin make expenditures and forego economic development opportunities to
establish favourable conditions to conserve and manage these stocks.
Convention also recognizes the importance of scientific research and
establishment of an effective mechanism of international cooperation for
the conservation of anadromous stocks in the North Pacific Ocean based on
goal of conservation is consolidated by prohibition of directed fishing
for anadromous fish in the Convention Area.
Therefore the Convention represents an important instrument of
collective responsibility and cooperative efforts of the Contracting
Parties in protection and conservation of the North Pacific salmon
NPAFC promotes the conservation of salmonids in the North Pacific Ocean
and its adjacent seas and serves as a forum for cooperation in and
coordination of enforcement activities and scientific research.
strength of this Commission lies in the shared purpose and active efforts
of the Contracting Parties to ensure the conservation and sustainable
utilization of North Pacific salmon resources for the benefit of domestic
fishermen in their respective waters.
As a result, the Commission in its brief history has become a model
of positive and successful international cooperation.
consists of three committees: Scientific Research and Statistics (CSRS),
Enforcement (ENFO), and Finance and Administration (F&A), several
Working Groups, and Secretariat. The Headquarters of
the Commission is located at Vancouver, Canada.