Annual Report 2009

   

    
 

  Contents  Introduction  EECM  Enforcement Workshop  |  RPCM  17th Annual MeetingPeople & Events  |  Appendices 
 

     

 
 
»  EECM
 
 
1. Time and Place of the Meeting
2. Participants
3. Information from CSRS
4. Evaluation of Results of
    Enforcement Activities
        Canada
        Korea
        Russia
        United States  
        Japan  
5. Cooperation
 
 4. Evaluation of Results of Enforcement Activities in 2008
   
 
K. Fox from the U.S. delegation presented the 2009 HSDN Threat Assessment for the North Pacific Ocean.  Despite the action taken by the international community to implement the UN global driftnet moratorium, large-scale HSDN fishing activity persists in the North Pacific Ocean, largely due to its low-risk, lucrative opportunities.  The target fisheries are neon flying squid (primary), salmon (secondary) and albacore tuna (tertiary).  The overall threat level of HSDN activity in the North Pacific Ocean during 2009 was assessed medium, based on a three point scale (low, medium and high).  Chinese and Taiwanese controlled vessels comprise a majority of the HSDN fleet, and reflect continued targeting of squid.

Canada

Canada presented a powerpoint of the details of the summary of 2008 activities which was submitted to the 2008 Annual Meeting.

In support of the United Nations ban on high seas drift net fishing and the objectives of the NPAFC, the objective of Canadian patrols is to detect and deter individuals who are prepared to participate in illegal, unreported unregulated high seas drift net fishing.  Canada believes it is as important to create a deterrent as it is to apprehend the individuals.  NPAFC member countries have considerably reduced HSDN effort through cooperation and coordinated activities such as patrolling the Convention Area using space, air and surface assets, public education through the USCG’s “Notices to Mariners” and the NPAFC web page, press releases etc.

Although focused on anadromous fish, the NPAFC enforcement committee’s efforts also:

  • Provide protection to all marine resources in the North Pacific,
  • Supports the United Nations’ ban on high seas driftnet fishing
  • Supports the international plan to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and
  • Supports other Fisheries Organizations that the member countries are signatory to. Such as the The North Pacific Heads of Coast Guard Forum and the Western Central Pacific Fisheries Commission

Air patrols were scheduled for each day and a patrol pattern was established to cover the entire area as efficiently as possible, to minimize revisit time and to maximize the probability of detection.

The Aircraft patrolled at approximately 4500 meters (15,000 feet) and searched for targets 91 meters (300 feet) in length or less.  Targets of interest were subjected to a low identification pass (152 metres/500 feet), with final determinations of vessel type and probable activity determined by the enforcement officer(s) on board.  Digital and still photographs were taken of vessels of interest.

Patrols were tasked with:

1)  locating and reporting to the operations centre the identity of any vessels using large-scale driftnets on the high seas (nets greater than 2.5 km or 1.5 N.M. in length);
2) Obtaining photographic and visual evidence for investigation and possible court purposes, relating to:
 
A)  Actual or probable salmon presence on board the vessel; and
B) Actual or probable use of gillnets in fishing;
3) Locating and identifying vessels rigged for HSDN fishing, but not actively fishing; and
4) Locating and identifying any at-sea transport vessels (reefer vessels) suspected of conducting at-sea transfer operations i.e. fenders deployed, hulls marked from vessels coming alongside).

Sea surface temperature sampling is conducted to validate the water temperature in the threat area to ensure it is within the optimal temperature range for salmon migration.

In 2008 the patrol area was

The patrol area was determined based on the high probability of thermoclines used by salmon, information resulting from the USCG threat assessment, previous year’s experience, capabilities of the plane and the NPAFC Convention Area.

Generally the patrol area was west of 175 degree west to the Russian EEZ and North of 38 degrees north to the US EEZ off Alaska.

As in past years, the 2008 Canadian HSDN operation was based out of Eareckson Airfield on Shemya Island, Alaska.  The operation involved two CP 140 Aircraft, associated aircrew, technicians and ground support plus a DFO fishery officer and a NMFS officer.

Fisheries and Oceans also provided additional support to this year’s operation by contributing a lead officer to provide overall coordination of the patrol operations.  This support was provided to improve the interface with USCG regarding enforcement operations and provide DND additional support in the process of a more objective based approach to targeting IUU vessels using both DND aerial assets as well as a newly launched earth surveillance satellite (Radarsat II).

Canada employed Radarsat II on an experimental basis, as a means of monitoring vessel activity with the area of interest and directing the plane to areas of high threat.

As in past years an operational command center was established at the USCG District 17 headquarters in Juneau Alaska.  Fishery Officers lead the HSDN operations with support of Canadian Forces who jointly assessed intelligence products, directed aerial assets to areas within the Convention Area that were considered high threat, and coordinated with USCG on surface asset management.

From September 5 to September 17th Canada completed 10 patrols; three patrols were cancelled due to weather and 3 patrols were cancelled due to mechanical problems. The aircraft sighted and identified five HSDN fishing vessels, plus one vessel of interest which they were unable to neither identify nor confirm their activity.

Total hours flown =114

On September 14 three HSDN rigged vessel were detected. They had no nets in the water, water temperature believed to e 19.1C.

 

The F/V DAY FULL was located at 43°33’N - 154°31’E.


 

The FUNG SHENG 8 8’ in position 43°23’N - 155°06’E,

And the F/V MEI MEI located at’ position 43°33’N - 155°15’E.
 

On September 17 also sighted was the vessel BANGUN SATRIA detected at 4435N 15425E with over 3NM of net in water. The Bangun Satria cut the net. Water temperature was 19.2C.


The BANGUN SATRIA deteced at 43°38’N - 154°19’E.
 

Korea

Korea noted that while it does not participate in the NPAFC enforcement efforts, it does participate in Western Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) supervision efforts.  Korea expressed its intention to participate in NPAFC’s enforcement fully and to be able to board the member countries’ vessels in future.  (If there is a suspicion of Korean HSDN vessels, Korea will make an utmost effort to deter these vessels.)  Korea will expedite to provide specific information based on international law and will take care of the violators to prohibit salmon fishing in the Convention Area.
 

Russia

Russia deployed surface assets from North Eastern (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky) and Sakhalin FSB Coast Guard Directorates.  Russia carried out joint patrol efforts with the USA using Dzerzhinsky border patrol frigate and C-130 Hercules patrol aircraft.  Total duration of patrolling: aerial-87 hours, surface-34 days.  These efforts involved joint patrolling by FSBCG surface asset Dzerzhinsky and USCG Jarvis.
 

United States

United States delivered a short presentation summarizing the U.S. coast Guards 2008 HSDN operations.

Monitoring compliance with the NPAFC Convention and UN Moratorium on High Seas Driftnet (HSDN) fishing continues to be an important mission for the United States Coast Guard (USCG) and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS).  Understanding that Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) fishing activity continues to threaten the world’s ocean resources, the USCG and NMFS are committed to continuing aggressive enforcement efforts in the North Pacific to address this threat.

The enforcement season featured the employment of USCG C-130 aircraft for aerial surveillance and the deployment of a High Endurance, 378 foot USCG cutter in the NPAFC High Threat HSDN Area.  NMFS agents share aerial surveillance responsibilities on board C-130 flights whenever possible.

The USCG continued issuing Local Notices to Mariners prior to and during the high threat season detailing how commercial fisheries interests can report suspected directed targeting of salmanoids on the high seas and specific instances where large-scale high seas driftnets are being employed.  The United States encouraged other parties to establish a similar system to facilitate the reporting of information from mariners.

U.S. Coast Guard Commandant’s Office of Law Enforcement Policy, in coordination with the U.S. Department of State, is in communication with officials in the Indonesian Directorate of Surveillance and Control of Marine Resources and Fishes, in an effort to formalize a communication mechanism to verify the registry and report to the Government of Indonesia the activity of fishing vessels claiming Indonesian flag operating on the high seas in the North Pacific.

NMFS Enforcement Effort

NMFS Special Agents and Enforcement Officers will continue to actively participate in enforcement of the UN Moratorium on large-scale high seas drift nets by flying with Canadian officials during their CP-140 sorties.

NMFS Special Agent/Enforcement Officer NPAFC Efforts (person-hours):

 

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Patrol

271 hrs

148 hrs

125 hrs

159 hrs

225 hrs

166 hrs

248 hrs

Logistics

    0 hrs

    0 hrs

0 hrs

0 hrs

0 hrs

0 hrs

0 hrs

Investigation

    0 hrs

    0 hrs

0 hrs

0 hrs

0 hrs

17 hrs

0 hrs

Total

271 hrs

148 hrs

125 hrs

159 hrs

225 hrs

183 hrs

248 hrs

Note: Logistics and Investigation hours were “0” for 2002-2008 because no HSDN vessels were seized by the USA.
 

Japan

Japan reported that there has been no enforcement activity to report since the adjournment of 16th Annual Meeting held in Seattle on November 17-21, 2008.

 

 

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