Annual Report 2002

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»  Introduction
Foundation and Goals
Convention Area
Scientific Research


   Foundation and Goals of the NPAFC   

The North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission (NPAFC) was established under the Convention for the Conservation of Anadromous Stocks in the North Pacific Ocean, signed at Moscow on February 11, 1992 by Canada, Japan, the Russian Federation and the United States of America (original Parties).  The Convention entered into force on February 16, 1993 and superseded the 1952 International Convention for the High Seas Fisheries of the North Pacific Ocean, so called “Triple Treaty” between Canada, Japan, and the United States of America.

With development of the Convention for the Conservation of Anadromous Stocks in the North Pacific Ocean, contracted by the four major States of origin of Pacific salmon, the process of establishment of the comprehensive international regime of conservation of salmon resources in the North Pacific Ocean has been completed.

The Convention is based on the recognition that anadromous stocks intermingle extensively during their migrations on the high seas of the North Pacific; that the States of origin have the primary interest in and responsibility for such stocks; that the fisheries for anadromous stocks should be conducted only in waters within the 200-mile zones and that the States of origin make expenditures and forego economic development opportunities to establish favourable conditions to conserve and manage these stocks.

The Convention also recognizes the importance of scientific research and establishment of an effective mechanism of international cooperation for the conservation of anadromous stocks in the North Pacific Ocean based on coordinating efforts.

The goal of conservation is consolidated by prohibition of directed fishing for anadromous fish in the Convention Area.  Therefore the Convention represents an important instrument of collective responsibility and cooperative efforts of the Contracting Parties in protection and conservation of the North Pacific salmon resources.

The NPAFC promotes the conservation of salmonids in the North Pacific Ocean and its adjacent seas and serves as a forum for cooperation in and coordination of enforcement activities and scientific research.

The strength of this Commission lies in the shared purpose and active efforts of the Contracting Parties to ensure the conservation and sustainable utilization of North Pacific salmon resources for the benefit of domestic fishermen in their respective waters.  As a result, the Commission in its brief history has become a model of positive and successful international cooperation.

NPAFC consists of three committees: Scientific Research and Statistics (CSRS), Enforcement (ENFO), and Finance and Administration (F&A), and Secretariat.  The official languages of the Commission are English, Japanese, and Russian.  The Headquarters of the Commission is located at Vancouver, Canada.


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