Annual Report 2008

   

    
 

  Contents  Introduction  EECM  Tripartite Meeting  |  RPCM  16th Annual Meeting BASIS Symposium  |  People & Events  |  Appendices 
 

     

 
 
  16th Annual Meeting
 
 
1. Time and Place of the Meeting
2. Participants
3. Agenda
4. Opening Remarks
5. Consideration of Enforcement
     (1) Russia
     (2) Canada
     (3) Japan
     (4) Korea
     (5) United States
     (6) Taiwan
     (7) Tracking Buoys for                  Abandoned Driftnets
     (8) Enforcement Meetings and           Activities for 2009
     (9) Proposals on Joint Projects
     (10) Cooperation
6. Consideration of Scientific     Research & Statistics
7. Administrative & Fiscal Matters
8. News Release
9. Closing Remarks
 
  
  
  

ENFO in session, 2007
Photo by V. Kobzar

  
  
  
  
 
  
   
  
  
  
  
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
 
  
  
 

 
5 Consideration of Enforcement 

 

 
The committee reviewed enforcement activities in 2008 and planning for 2009 on the basis of information provided by Russia, Canada, Japan, Korea, and the United States.
 
(1)   Russia

Enforcement Activities in 2008

Russia reported that it had 13 patrol flights with 87 hours of flight time and patrol vessels DZERJINSKY, OREL, ANTIAS and MAGADANETS were deployed during the period in the Convention Area.

The border guard patrol vessels and ships (hereinafter called - bgpv and bgps) were used 5 times, including:

  • bgpv DZERJINSKY with a helicopter onboard - from June 04 to June 12;
  • bgpv OREL with a helicopter onboard - from June 12 to June 21;
  • bgps ANTIAS - from July 04 to July 08;
  • bgpv MAGADANETS - from July 17 to July 21;
  • bgpv DZERJINSKY with a helicopter onboard - from August 04 to August 08;

The total number of days in the Convention Area was 34.

From August 07 to August 08 2008 the border guard patrol vessel DZERJINSKY and ship CG USA JARVIS carried out joint patrolling of the Convention Area, in which plane CG USA HERCULES took part. Also helicopter КА-27 realized flights from the deck of bgpv DZERJINSKY to learn the situation in the entrusted areas.

A number of suspicious vessels were sighted but were not illegally fishing nor carrying drift nets.

  • On June 6, 2008 patrol aircraft detected three radar targets in area 9B;
  • On July 29, 2008 seven targets were detected:  all targets were visually identified, as the Taiwan fishing schooners.  It did not answer the call;
  • On August 19, 2008 two targets were detected:  all targets were visually identified as research ships.

Planned Activities in 2009

Russia fully intends to use two patrol vessels and aircraft from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and from Sakhalin.

The detailed planned period will be adjusted and will be reported at the next 2009 EECM.

 

(2)  Canada

Enforcement Activities in 2008

In 2008, Canadian HSDN operation included two CP 140 aircraft with the additional support of a lead officer, who provided overall coordination of patrol operations and improved the interface with USCG and DND. Canada also employed Radarsat II (a recently launched earth surveillance satellite) on an experimental basis to assist with locating vessel concentrations and monitor areas not being flown by the CP 140 aircraft within the NPAFC Convention Area.

Ten patrols were completed during September 7-17, 2008 with 114 total hours flown. During that period, five HSDN fishing vessels and one unidentified vessel of interest were identified (NOA, BANGUN PERKASA, F/V DAY FULL, FUNG SHENG, F/V MEI MEI and BANGUN SATRIA) where the sea water temperatures were between 19.0-19.2 C. DAY FULL, FUNG SHENG and MEI MEI were rigged for HSDN fishing.  BANGUN SATRIA had a net over 3nm in the water which was cut when they were detected. All vessels were detected in close proximity to concentrations of squid jigging vessels.  NOA was identified as Panamanian flagged, all the rest are suspected Indonesian registered vessels.

Planned Activities in 2009

It is anticipated that Canada will commit 180 hours of air surveillance time, subject to final confirmation by DND. The timing of the air patrol efforts are unconfirmed at this time, but they will be available at the next EECM meeting.

In addition, it is Canadas intention to again make use of Radarsat II to assist with locating vessel concentrations and to monitor areas not being flown by the CP 140 aircraft.

 

(3) 

Japan

Enforcement Activities in 2008

Japan conducted its enforcement activities using a patrol vessel of the Fisheries Agency of Japan (FAJ) KANAZAWA and the patrol aircraft Citation V between July and October 2008, conducting 12 patrol days and 41 hours patrol surveys. No driftnet fishing boats were sighted. Japan Coast Guard also conducted 14-hour patrols using their patrol aircraft Gulf V between September and October, 2008, during which time it sighted 15 fishing boats.

There were two reports from Japanese fishing vessels: one unidentified some driftnet fishing vessels on May 12, 2008 and another driftnet fishing vessel on Aug. 3, 2008.  The information was reported to IIS.

In this area, Japanese pole and line and squid jigging vessels are operated.  These vessels may be targeting albacore and squid.

Planned Activities in 2009

Japan plans to patrol the Convention Area using 3 or 4vessels and two aircrafts at the same level as this year.  The details will be reported at the 2009 EECM.

 

(4) 

Korea

Korea did not participate in any enforcement activities in 2008.

Korea reported its participation onboard one of the vessels of the Western Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) and reported its inspection done in WCPFCs Convention Area, which is partially overlapping with the NPAFCs Convention Area.

Korea hopes to join the NPAFC enforcement activities in the near future and would also like to conduct boardings on vessels of other countries within the NPAFC.

Planned Activities in 2009

Korea cannot participate in direct aircraft and vessel patrols but can participate with the WCPFC within their areas. Korea plans to board fishing vessels operating under the provisions of the WCPFC.

Korea hopes to participate in the NPAFC enforcement activities in the near future.

  

(5)    United States

Enforcement Activities in 2008

The United States Operation North Pacific Watch 2008 was conducted in July through November with USCG cutter MUNRO with a number of USCG HC-130 deployments during the summer and fall to Shemya and Midway Islands. Japan Coast Guard (JCG) coordinated surveillance efforts with the USCG in September and October which sighted several fishing vessels, but none were configured for large-scale HSDN fishing.

The USCG cutter MUNRO participated in a multi-national IUU fisheries enforcement patrol from July through November, which included enforcement coordination with NPAFC Parties and China.  MUNRO spent 67 days in the Convention Area.

The USCG cutter JARVIS and the Russian Border Guard patrol vessel DZERJINSKIY conducted joint operations in August. No vessels of interest were detected.

On September 8, 2008, MUNRO sighted LU RONG YU 2008, a Chinese flagged fishing vessel. The Chinese FLEC officer on board MUNRO boarded the vessel and observed HSDN gear on board. The Chinese FLEC officer seized the vessel and MUNRO escorted the vessel until it could turn over custody to a Chinese FLEC patrol vessel.

On October 24, 2008, MUNRO embarked HH-65 helicopter sighted ZHE PU YU LENG 9, later intercepted by MUNRO. The vessel had on board 10.8 nms of driftnet, a dismantled net tube and other large-scale HSDN fishing gear. The Chinese FLEC officer seized the vessel for violation of Chinese fishery laws for suspicion of fishing with large-scale HSDN gear. The vessel was escorted into the Sea of Japan where the vessel, crew and catch were transferred to a Chinese FLEC patrol vessel.

NOAA/NMFS Special Agents and Enforcement Officers spent 139 hours either deployed with USCG HC-130 and Canadian CP-140 patrol aircraft to assist in the identification of vessels, or conducting investigations into suspected illegal activity.

USCG cutter MUNRO carried multiple NOAA Satellite Tracked Drifter Buoys to mark any significant marine debris for NOAA to track.  No untended nets were located in the Convention Area, but they did find an abandoned and tangled driftnet in the Russian EEZ containing salmon and birds.

Both USCG MUNRO and JARVIS carried salmon tissue sampling equipment for genetic analysis.  No opportunities for sample collection in the Convention Area were realized.

USCG aircraft flew a total of 115 surveillance hours in 2008 and cutters dedicated 72 patrol days in the NPAFC Convention Area.  Several potential HSDN vessels were sighted, resulting in two vessel seizures by Chinese fishery enforcement authorities.

Seven vessels rigged for HSDN with one actively fishing were detected by the USCG aircraft patrols.  The most significant sightings were:

BANGUN SATRIA: July 18, 2008, 43-31.7N, 174-01.5E
actively fishing with nets extending 3.8 nm, hauling in possibly salmon.
TIRTA RAYA 2: August 16, 2008, in the Convention Area.
Evaded, deploying another net directly in front of MUNRO.  Upon communications being established by the Chinese FLEC officer aboard MUNRO, the master claimed to have Indonesian registry.  Later the Indonesian government stated otherwise.
BAHARI SENTOSA: a potential HSDN vessel initially sighted by HH-65, but MUNRO
was unable to relocate.  Approximately 80 Chinese fishing vessels were sighted and it is possible that the vessel mingled with the fleet to avoid detection.

Planned Activities in 2009

The USCG will continue their patrol with available aircraft and patrol vessels at resource level to meet the suspected 2009 HSDN threats.  USCG will dedicate 200 aircraft hours and a minimum of 90 cutter days in 2009.  NOAA/NMFS will continue to place officer on available Canadian HSDN surveillance flights in 2009 and patrol with USCG HC-130 deployments when able.  The USCG intends to continue issuing Local Notices to Mariners prior to and during the high threat season.

 

(6)    Taiwan (Observer)

Taiwan presented information on its 2008 enforcement activities (Appendix 2).

 

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