Annual Report 2008

   

    
 

  Contents  Introduction  EECM  Tripartite Meeting  |  RPCM  16th Annual Meeting BASIS Symposium  |  People & Events  |  Appendices 
 

     

 
 
Ľ  EECM
 
 
1. Time and Place of the Meeting
2. Participants
3. Information from CSRS
4. Evaluation of Results of
    Enforcement Activities
        Japan
        Russia
        United States
        Canada  
5. Cooperation
6. Recovery of Driftnets
7. Other Business
 
 4. Evaluation of Results of Enforcement Activities in 2007
   
 
K. Fox of the USCG Pacific Area Intelligence staff presented a 2008 HSDN Threat Assessment showing the details of findings, trends in HSDN fishing, threats descriptions for salmon, neon flying squid and albacore tuna. The presentation also outlined trends in HSDN activities, fishing gear, deployment methods, deceptive/defensive measures, as well as 2007 activity summary.

During this presentation it was noted that nets set in an East-West direction are typically targeting squid, while North-South sets typically target salmon. The United States questioned why this was the case, and K. Fox was unaware of the reasons driving this observed trend.
 

Japan

During Japanese enforcement patrols between June and November 2007, (including joint operations with the USCG), eight suspected HSDN vessels were identified.  Japanese commercial fishing vessels reported sightings of two suspected HSDN fishing vessels,  and the Japanese research vessel 58 Tomi-maru reported sightings of 12 suspected HSDN vessels.  It should be noted that some of these sightings may be duplicate, or multiple reports of the same suspect vessel.

T. Tomita provided a PowerPoint presentation on additional three fishing vessel sightings by Toko-maru, the largest class patrol vessel in FAJ. Toko-maru conducted underway enforcement from Oct. 2-20, 2007 and discovered four fishing vessels configured for HSDN fishing.  These HSDN vessels were operating  amongst a legitimate squid fishing fleet.

The Georgian-flagged Zhouyuan 801 was also sighted on the high seas in position 42-48.2N/152-52.8E.  Zhouyuan 801 was adorned with a red horse figurehead on the forward mast, which is typical of Chinese fishing vessels.  This type of adornment is not generally associated with Taiwanese fishing vessels.  Zhouyuan 801 was configured with a squid jigging apparatus, and the vesselís hull was heavily soiled with squid-ink.  The hull displayed abrasions typical of driftnet scar marks.

On Oct. 11, Japan sighted the Chinese fishing vessel Zheyuandong 802 (displayed on the vessel hull in Chinese characters), which was rigged for HSDN fishing.

On Oct. 13, Japan sighted HSDN vessel Shunfa 7 in position 42-16.3N/152-50.7E.  Nationality of this vessel is assumed to be PRC, as the sister vessel Shunfa 8 was observed to be PRC-flagged last year.
 

Russia

Russia reported no additional enforcement activities since the 2007 Annual Meeting.

Russia proposed that all aircraft sorties be coordinated with cutter patrols in order to most effectively execute enforcement actions.  Russia also proposed that all Party representatives coordinate the master patrol schedule according to the scientific information presented at this meeting.
 

United States

LCDR Lisa Ragone presented a summary of U.S. activities.

As a follow-up to discussions from the 2007 Annual Meeting, the USCG examined how historical interdictions of HSDN vessels targeting certain species correlated with sea surface temperatures/time of year.  Results support the position that targeted HSDN fishing for salmon occurs earlier in the season and that illicit fishing effort switches to squid as the summer months progress.

USCG patrol effort increased in 2007 to 119 cutter days and 152 aircraft patrol hours.  During the 2007 enforcement season, six Chinese vessels were seized by PRC ship-riders on board USCG cutters and were taken back to China for case prosecution.  All the vessels were confiscated, and to date, five vessels have already been sold.  The vessel owners were fined approx. $7,000, with one particularly egregious license violation resulting in a U.S. $14,000 fine.   The most severe prosecutorial action against violators was that PRC high seas fishing licenses were permanently revoked.  The USCG liaison officer to the U.S. embassy in Beijing was present at January 2008 ceremony in Shanghai during which seized HSDN fishing gear was publicly destroyed.

The U.S. Department of State is in communication with officials in the Indonesian Directorate of Surveillance and Control of Marine Resources to formalize HSDN enforcement mechanisms for Indonesian-flagged vessels.

National Marine Fisheries Services (NMFS) Special Agents participated a total of 166 hrs. of Canadian CP-140 flights in 2007.The United States agreed with the Russian proposal closely aligning surface and aircraft patrols to maximize enforcement efforts.  The high-endurance U.S. Coast Guard Cutter (USCGC) MUNRO was scheduled to conduct a summer 2008 international engagement/IUU fishing patrol.

The United States encouraged Parties to issue Local Notices to Mariners prior to and during the high threat season.  These notices advise mariners to look out for illegal salmon fishing in the Convention Area.
 

Canada

Canada reported no additional enforcement activities since the 2007 Annual Meeting.

Canada reported that the newly launched RadarSat II could increase surveillance capabilities and compliment existing enforcement activities, however further testing is required.

The Parties discussed plans and coordination of enforcement activities in 2008 and approved the 2008 Enforcement Schedule (Appendix 1).

 

 

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