K. Fox of the USCG Pacific Area Intelligence staff presented a 2008 HSDN Threat Assessment showing the details of findings, trends in HSDN fishing, threats descriptions for salmon, neon flying squid and albacore tuna. The presentation also outlined trends in HSDN activities, fishing gear, deployment methods, deceptive/defensive measures, as well as 2007 activity summary.
During this presentation it was noted that nets set in an East-West direction are typically targeting squid, while North-South sets typically target salmon. The United States questioned why this was the case, and K. Fox was unaware of the reasons driving this observed trend.
During Japanese enforcement patrols between June and November
2007, (including joint operations with the USCG), eight
suspected HSDN vessels were identified. Japanese commercial
fishing vessels reported sightings of two suspected HSDN fishing
vessels, and the Japanese research vessel 58 Tomi-maru
reported sightings of 12 suspected HSDN vessels. It should be
noted that some of these sightings may be duplicate, or multiple
reports of the same suspect vessel.
Tomita provided a PowerPoint presentation on additional three
fishing vessel sightings by Toko-maru, the largest class
patrol vessel in FAJ. Toko-maru conducted underway
enforcement from Oct. 2-20, 2007 and discovered four fishing
vessels configured for HSDN fishing. These HSDN vessels were
operating amongst a legitimate squid fishing fleet.
Georgian-flagged Zhouyuan 801 was also sighted on the
high seas in position 42-48.2N/152-52.8E. Zhouyuan 801
was adorned with a red horse figurehead on the forward mast,
which is typical of Chinese fishing vessels. This type of
adornment is not generally associated with Taiwanese fishing
vessels. Zhouyuan 801 was configured with a squid
jigging apparatus, and the vesselís hull was heavily soiled with
squid-ink. The hull displayed abrasions typical of driftnet
Oct. 11, Japan sighted the Chinese fishing vessel Zheyuandong
802 (displayed on the vessel hull in Chinese characters),
which was rigged for HSDN fishing.
Oct. 13, Japan sighted HSDN vessel Shunfa 7 in position
42-16.3N/152-50.7E. Nationality of this vessel is assumed to be
PRC, as the sister vessel Shunfa 8 was observed to be PRC-flagged
Russia reported no additional enforcement activities since the
2007 Annual Meeting.
Russia proposed that all
aircraft sorties be coordinated with cutter patrols in order to
most effectively execute enforcement actions. Russia also
proposed that all Party representatives coordinate the master
patrol schedule according to the scientific information
presented at this meeting.
LCDR Lisa Ragone presented a summary of U.S. activities.
As a follow-up to discussions from the 2007 Annual Meeting, the
USCG examined how historical interdictions of HSDN vessels
targeting certain species correlated with sea surface
temperatures/time of year. Results support the position that
targeted HSDN fishing for salmon occurs earlier in the season
and that illicit fishing effort switches to squid as the summer
USCG patrol effort increased in 2007 to 119 cutter days and 152
aircraft patrol hours. During the 2007 enforcement season, six
Chinese vessels were seized by PRC ship-riders on board USCG
cutters and were taken back to China for case prosecution. All
the vessels were confiscated, and to date, five vessels have
already been sold. The vessel owners were fined approx. $7,000,
with one particularly egregious license violation resulting in a
U.S. $14,000 fine. The most severe prosecutorial action
against violators was that PRC high seas fishing licenses were
permanently revoked. The USCG liaison officer to the U.S.
embassy in Beijing was present at January 2008 ceremony in
Shanghai during which seized HSDN fishing gear was publicly
The U.S. Department of State is in communication with officials
in the Indonesian Directorate of Surveillance and Control of
Marine Resources to formalize HSDN enforcement mechanisms for
National Marine Fisheries Services (NMFS) Special
Agents participated a total of 166 hrs.
of Canadian CP-140 flights in 2007.The
United States agreed with the Russian proposal closely aligning
surface and aircraft patrols to maximize enforcement efforts.
The high-endurance U.S. Coast Guard Cutter (USCGC) MUNRO
was scheduled to conduct a summer 2008 international engagement/IUU
States encouraged Parties to issue Local Notices to Mariners
prior to and during the high threat season. These notices
advise mariners to look out for illegal salmon fishing in the
no additional enforcement activities since the 2007 Annual
Canada reported that the newly launched RadarSat II could
increase surveillance capabilities and compliment existing
enforcement activities, however further testing is required.
The Parties discussed plans and
coordination of enforcement activities in 2008 and approved the
2008 Enforcement Schedule (Appendix 1).