Annual Report 2009



  Contents  Introduction  EECM  Enforcement Workshop  |  RPCM  17th Annual MeetingPeople & Events  |  Appendices 


»  17th Annual Meeting
1. Time and Place of the Meeting
2. Participants
3. Agenda
4. Opening Remarks
5. Consideration of Enforcement
     (1) United States
     (2) Canada
     (3) Korea
     (4) Russia
     (5) Japan
     (6) Taiwan
     (7) Exchange of           Information
     (8) 2010 EECM and its Format
     (9) Cooperation
     (10) Other Business
6. Consideration of Scientific     Research & Statistics
7. Administrative & Fiscal Matters
8. News Release
9. Closing Remarks

ENFO in session, 2009
Photo by NPAFC Secretariat



5 Consideration of Enforcement 


The committee reviewed enforcement activities in 2009 and planning for 2010 on the basis of information provided by the United States, Canada, Korea, Russia, and Japan.
(1)   United States

Enforcement Activities in 2009

United States provided a PowerPoint presentation to the participants on its 2009 activities.  In summary, 93 HC-130 hours were conducted and a total of 70 cutter days (35 in the Convention Area).  One boarding was conducted with no seizures.  National Marine Fisheries Service’s deployment (NMFS) had 261 hours.

Fishing vessel concentrations were observed in the lower left region of the high threat area.  Extensive patrols sighted 266 fishing vessels, 200 of which were actively engaged in fishing or transiting.  There were no HSDN sightings.

On Sept. 27, 2009 the United States conducted a joint boarding of the F/V Dong Yu 2007 from the Rush with Chinese officers.  The vessel was using small mesh net and was not considered to be engaging in illegal fishing activity, it was fishing for squid.  The Rush also made port calls in China and Japan and conducted one joint effort with a Japanese Coast Guard Gulfstream-V (G5).  No driftnet fishing was sighted during these operations.

Coast Guard District 14 supported Canadian flights out of Hawaii since the traditional runway in Shemya was temporarily closed for construction.

In addition to the enforcement activities the United States was also able to finalize an information protocol with the Taiwanese Coast Guard.

Planned Activities in 2010

United States resource commitment will be the same as in the past.  A minimum of 90 days is anticipated from a D-17 high endurance cutter that will be deployed to patrol areas of the U.S. EEZ and the Convention Area.  In addition, the United States plans for 125 USCG HC-130 aircraft hours and for continued Local Notice to Mariners prior to and during the high threat season.

Other activities include plans to continue to cooperate with North Pacific Coast Guard Forum (NPCGF) members.  State Department and United States Coast Guard (USCG) are pursuing a MOU with Indonesia and USCG hopes to continue joint efforts with Taiwan.


(2)  Canada

Enforcement Activities in 2009

During the 2009/10 patrol season, United States’ Coast Guard (USCG) District 17 closed its airfield in Shemya, Alaska for repair. As this was where Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) had been conducting NPAFC patrol activities Canada used an alternative airfield in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii for deploying its CP-140 in 2009.  This change of airfields obliged Canada to make changes to its 2009 operations plan. The revised plan reduced Canada’s 2008 commitment from 180 hrs to 80 hrs, increased the number of Radarsat 2 (RS2) images from 80 to 1200 and increased space based reconnaissance coverage of the Convention Area from 3 weeks to 2 months.  Space based Automated Identification System (AIS) data was also employed and a new patrol area was established. RS2 data and AIS data were employed from August 5 to September 18, 2009.

Satellite data showed vessel concentrations similar to last year’s concentrations which are in the identified high threat area. No aerial validation was available to confirm the assessment.

Canada reported that RS2 has a few issues: time latency and track record for estimation.  Such information needs to be tested and proven, however, the use of additional satellite intelligence assets such as AIS enhances the contacts provided by RS2.

Department of National Defense (DND) supported the operation of one CP-140 aircraft of 80 hrs patrol time.  Digital and still photographs were taken of vessels of interest.  Traditional patrol area was extended to include the area west of 160 degree to the Russian EEZ and north of 32 degrees to the US EEZ off Alaska.

Canada’s patrol efforts were between September 9 and 18, 2009, covering assigned area in six patrols.  There were no IUU fishing vessels sighted.

Planned Activities in 2010

Canada remains committed to combating IUU fishing throughout the North Pacific even though its contribution is significantly hampered by competing demands for limited CP-140 resources and the lack of practical basing options in close proximately to the high threat area.

Canada will continue to explore basing alternatives to the CP-140 as part of its long term strategic planning for North Pacific operations and remains open to options presented by other members.  Based on these specific challenges Canada is uncertain of its aerial surveillance contribution for 2010 operations.

Canada anticipates that it will again employ RS 2 with the view to building a knowledge base of vessel traffic within the Convention Area and refining detection techniques that can be used in cueing operational assets.

Japan questioned how RS 2 was able to differentiate fishing vessels from non-fishing vessels.  Canada indicated that RS 2 can determine the presence of vessels based on size, bearing and speed that conform to the profile of fishing vessels; however it cannot positively identify radar contacts as fishing vessels without the assistance of secondary surveillance asset such as aerial patrol assets.

Canada voiced its willingness to share RS 2 data with other countries, particularly with nations with assets in the Convention Area and encouraged Parties to work with Canada in providing feedback on RS 2 information to facilitate a more efficient use of this new enforcement tool.




Enforcement Activities in 2009

Korea was not able to participate in enforcement activities in the Convention Area in 2009 due to domestic issues.

Planned Activities in 2010

Korea will not be able to participate in NPAFC enforcement activities in 2010, however, Korea is considering cooperating with Western Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) patrol vessel with its activity.  Korea is also preparing a MOU with the US Coast Guard which could enable better participation in enforcement activities in the future.




Enforcement Activities in 2009

The Sakhalin and Kamchatka Directorates of Russia’s FSB Border Guard Service coordinated the deployments of 12 aerial patrols, totaling 64 hrs in 2009.  No illegal fishing was sighted.

Maritime missions in the area operated for the total of 44 days.  Joint operations with Japan and Korea were also conducted.

On June 10, 2009, at the coordinate 45-50N, 158-38E, the border patrol frigate Dzerzhinsky deterred a vessel Norta which was operating under a Panamanian flag.  Dzerzhinsky pursued the vessel but the vessel fled and Dzerzhinsky was forced to return to base.  NPCGF was notified and Russia proposed to enter Norta as “vessel of interest”.  Russia indicated that further coordination would allow for more effective enforcement operations.

The United States and Canada supported the Russian suggestion of increasing coordination of aircraft and ships of all members.

Russia also indicated that, to be more effective, the use of the data from RS 2 should be provided to aerial and surface assets (i.e. patrol aircraft and ships).  The Chairman noted the use of RS 2 data should be coordinated to make it available to other member countries.

Planned Activities in 2010

Planned activities will be finalized at the 2010 EECM.


(5)    Japan

Enforcement Activities in 2009

Fisheries Agency of Japan (FAJ) deployed six patrol vessels between May and September 2009 for a total of 105 days from May 28 to September 24, 2009.  FAJ also deployed an aircraft Citation V between May and September 2009 for 76 hours of patrol survey.

The Japanese Coast Guard (JCG) deployed its patrol vessel Yashima with a helicopter aboard, conducting combined operations from August 13 to 16, 2009, covering 495,000 km2 in Northeast Pacific Ocean.  JCG’s Gulf-V conducted six hours’ combined operations on September 5, 2009, covering 732,000 km2.

No driftnet fishing was sighted during these operations.

Planned Activities in 2010

The detailed planned period will be adjusted and will be reported at the 2010 EECM.


(6)    Taiwan (Observer)

Taiwan presented information on its 2009 enforcement activities (Appendix 5).


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