Enforcement Activities in 2009
the 2009/10 patrol season, United States’ Coast Guard (USCG)
District 17 closed its airfield in Shemya, Alaska for
repair. As this was where Canadian Department of Fisheries
and Oceans (DFO) had been conducting NPAFC patrol activities
Canada used an alternative airfield in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii
for deploying its CP-140 in 2009. This change of airfields
obliged Canada to make changes to its 2009 operations plan.
The revised plan reduced Canada’s 2008 commitment from 180
hrs to 80 hrs, increased the number of Radarsat 2 (RS2)
images from 80 to 1200 and increased space based
reconnaissance coverage of the Convention Area from 3 weeks
to 2 months. Space based Automated Identification System (AIS)
data was also employed and a new patrol area was
established. RS2 data and AIS data were employed from August
5 to September 18, 2009.
Satellite data showed vessel concentrations similar to last
year’s concentrations which are in the identified high
threat area. No aerial validation was available to confirm
reported that RS2 has a few issues: time latency and track
record for estimation. Such information needs to be tested
and proven, however, the use of additional satellite
intelligence assets such as AIS enhances the contacts
provided by RS2.
Department of National Defense (DND) supported the operation
of one CP-140 aircraft of 80 hrs patrol time. Digital and
still photographs were taken of vessels of interest.
Traditional patrol area was extended to include the area
west of 160 degree to the Russian EEZ and north of 32
degrees to the US EEZ off Alaska.
Canada’s patrol efforts were between September 9 and 18,
2009, covering assigned area in six patrols. There were no
IUU fishing vessels sighted.
Activities in 2010
Canada remains committed to combating IUU fishing throughout the
North Pacific even though its contribution is significantly
hampered by competing demands for limited CP-140 resources and
the lack of practical basing options in close proximately to the
high threat area.
Canada will continue to explore basing alternatives to the
CP-140 as part of its long term strategic planning for North
Pacific operations and remains open to options presented by
other members. Based on these specific challenges Canada is
uncertain of its aerial surveillance contribution for 2010
Canada anticipates that it will again employ RS 2 with the
view to building a knowledge base of vessel traffic within
the Convention Area and refining detection techniques that
can be used in cueing operational assets.
questioned how RS 2 was able to differentiate fishing
vessels from non-fishing vessels.
Canada indicated that RS 2 can determine the presence of
vessels based on size, bearing and speed that conform to the
profile of fishing vessels; however it cannot positively
identify radar contacts as fishing vessels without the
assistance of secondary surveillance asset such as aerial
voiced its willingness to share RS 2 data with other
countries, particularly with nations with assets in the
Convention Area and encouraged Parties to work with Canada
in providing feedback on RS 2 information to facilitate a
more efficient use of this new enforcement tool.