Annual Report 2009



  Contents  Introduction  EECM  Enforcement Workshop  |  RPCM  17th Annual MeetingPeople & Events  |  Appendices 


»  Introduction
Foundation and Goals
Convention Area
Scientific Research

Aurora CP-140 (Canada)


Citation V (Japan)


KA-27 (Russia)


C-130 (United States)


The Convention prohibits direct fishing for anadromous fish (chum, coho, pink, sockeye, chinook, and cherry salmon, and steelhead trout) in the Convention Area.  The incidental taking of anadromous fish is to be minimized to the maximum extent practicable, and the retention of anadromous fish taken incidentally during fishing activity directed at non-anadromous fish is prohibited, and any such anadromous fish shall be returned immediately to the sea.

The Convention has contributed to the implementation of the UN General Assembly resolution entitled “Large-scale pelagic drift-net fishing and its impact on the living marine resources of the world’s oceans and seas”, by prohibiting direct fishing for anadromous fish in high seas areas of the North Pacific Ocean, where salmon fishing had been mainly conducted by using driftnets.

Since the establishment of the NPAFC, the Parties have cooperated on the exchange of information regarding violation of the provisions of the Convention and on the exchange of enforcement plans and actions.

The agencies of Contracting Parties which are directly responsible for the planning and execution of enforcement activities within the Convention Area are:

  • Department of Fisheries and Oceans of Canada and Department of National Defence, Canada;

  • Fisheries Agency of Japan and Japan Coast Guard;

  • Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of the Republic of Korea; 

  • Fisheries Agency of the Russian Federation and Federal Security Service of Russia

  • United States National Marine Fisheries Service and United States Coast Guard

In 1993-2009, the cooperative enforcement efforts of the NPAFC Parties resulted in the detection of 41 vessels conducting directed driftnet fishing operations for salmon in the Convention Area.  Of those vessels, 16 were apprehended (see the table).

Number of detected/apprehended vessels

Year 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Detections  6 1 3 1 6 9 11 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
Apprehensions  2 0 1 1 2 4 3 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0


In 2006 the development of the Integrated Information System (IIS) was completed.  The IIS allows the Parties to keep all electronic information about illegal or suspected vessels in the Convention Area on a closed website.

In 2007, the NPAFC Enforcement Committee initiated a program of cooperation with Technical Committee on Compliance (TCC) of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) and the Fisheries Working Group (FWG) of the North Pacific Coast Guard Forum (NPGF).  In 2008 the first ever International North Pacific IUU Workshop was held in Vancouver, B.C., Canada.  Represented were ENFO of the NPAFC, FWG of the NPCGF, TCC of the WCPFC and the International Monitoring Control and Surveillance Network.  In 2009 ENFO Workshop on "Patrol tactics planning and execution of enforcement in the NPAFC Convention Area was held in Fukuoka, Japan.

Despite the decline in illegal fishing operations within the Convention Area in recent years, the threat of illegal high seas fishing activities contrary to the provisions of the Convention continues, requiring the international community to remain vigilant in improving monitoring and enforcement efforts in the North Pacific.



Tōkō maru (Japan)


Dzerzhinsky (Russia)


Coast Guard Cutter (United States)



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