Page 14 - Annual Report 2011

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14
Enforcement
The Convention prohibits direct fishing for anadromous fish (chum, coho, pink, sockeye, chinook, and
cherry salmon, and steelhead trout) in the Convention Area. The incidental taking of anadromous
fish is to be minimized to the maximum extent practicable, and the retention of anadromous fish
taken incidentally during fishing activity directed at non-anadromous fish is prohibited, and any such
anadromous fish shall be returned immediately to the sea.
The Convention has contributed to the implementation of the UN General
Assembly resolution entitled “Large-scale pelagic drift-net fishing and its
impact on the living marine resources of the world’s oceans and seas”, by
prohibiting direct fishing for anadromous fish in high seas areas of the North
Pacific Ocean, where salmon fishing had been mainly conducted by using
driftnets.
Since the establishment of the NPAFC, the Parties have cooperated on the
exchange of information regarding violation of the provisions of the Convention
and on the exchange of enforcement plans and actions.
The agencies of Contracting Parties which are directly responsible for the
planning and execution of enforcement activities within the Convention Area are:
• Department of Fisheries and Oceans and Department of National Defence, Canada;
• Fisheries Agency of Japan and Japan Coast Guard;
• Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of the Republic of Korea; 
• Fisheries Agency of the Russian Federation and Federal Security Service of Russia
• United States National Marine Fisheries Service and United States Coast Guard
In 1993-2011, the cooperative enforcement efforts of the NPAFC Parties resulted in the detection of
45 vessels conducting directed driftnet fishing operations for salmon in the Convention Area. Of those
vessels, 18 were apprehended (see the table).
Number of detected/apprehended vessels
Year
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Detections 
6 1 3 1 6 9 11 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 2 2
Apprehensions
2 0 1 1 2 4 3 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1
Photos by: Canada, Japan, United States, NPAFC Secretariat
Coast Guard Cutter
(United States)
Coast Guard Cutter
(United States)
I
ntroduction