Page 185 - Annual Report 2011

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Appendix 14:
News Release
The North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission (NPAFC) just completed its 19
Meeting in Nanaimo, BC, Canada on October 28, 2011. Representatives from Canada,
Japan, the Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, and the United States, the primary
states of origin for salmon stocks in the North Pacific, were in attendance. The meeting was
chaired by Dr. James Balsiger of the United States, President of the NPAFC.
The NPAFC Annual Meeting brings the world’s leading salmon researchers together to
discuss the science and conservation of Pacific salmon during their ocean life phase. The
meeting also brings together enforcement officials from the Commission’s member countries
to review past actions and plan new efforts to fight illegal, unreported and unregulated (or
IUU) salmon fishing in the North Pacific.
Scientists shared the information that catches of Pacific salmon remain at high levels. The
total commercial catch by all producing countries in 2010 was just over 913,000 tons. Fifty-
four percent of the 2010 salmon catch was from countries in Asia (Russia, Japan, Korea)
and 46% from countries in North America (United States and Canada). Pink and chum
salmon composed the majority (78%) of the total catch. The catch composition shifted in
2010 as compared to the previous year. Catch of pink salmon decreased by 35% and chum
salmon catch decreased by 13% in 2010. The sockeye salmon catch in 2010 increased by
18% over the 2009 catch and totaled 173,000 tons. The higher sockeye catch was primarily
due to increased abundance in Canada and Russia. In 2010 there was also a 9% increase
of Chinook and a 6% increase of coho salmon over the Pacific-wide catch of these species
in 2009.
To better understand the high abundance of pink and chum salmon, the NPAFC will host
an international workshop titled, “Explanations for the High Abundance of Pink and Chum
Salmon and Future Trends,” on October 30-31, 2011, following the NPAFC meeting.
The workshop will bring together scientists specializing in ocean pink and chum salmon
abundance and ocean ecology. Information on salmon production trends and variability in
regions of the North Pacific, survival strategies of pink and chum salmon, and the ecological
capacity of the ocean to produce salmon will be presented.
On the enforcement front, fisheries enforcement agencies from NPAFC member countries
reaffirmed their commitment to maintain activities at high levels as a deterrent to the threat
of unauthorized fishing and reviewed their operations to detect and deter illegal fishing
for salmon in 2011. Their cooperative efforts to detect, detain, and apprehend vessels
engaged in IUU fishing on the high-seas of the North Pacific is central to the enforcement
responsibilities of the NPAFC. The North Pacific is a large area, and finding individuals
breaking international law is most effective when the member countries work together
and share information as they patrol the North Pacific. At the meeting, member countries
reviewed 2011 patrol efforts, which included 120 ship patrol days, 388 aerial patrol hours,
and the use of radar satellite surveillance on the high seas of the North Pacific.