Page 29 - Annual Report 2011

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5. Threat Assessment
4. Information from the CSRS
EECM
The U.S. Department of State (DoS) is still awaiting word from officials
in the Indonesian Directorate of Surveillance and Control of Marine
Resources and Fishes, in an effort to formalize a communication
mechanism to take effective law enforcement actions on Indonesian
flagged fishing vessels detected fishing with driftnets on the high seas
in the North Pacific. Additionally, the DoS remains optimistic about
obtaining approval for boarding Cambodian flagged vessels in the future,
following Cambodia’s favourable response to the
Arvid
case.
The United States planned to continue to broadcast Notice to Mariners
requesting that sightings of HSDN activity by merchant vessels in the
North Pacific be passed to USCG.
National Marine Fishery Service (NMFS) Special Agents and Enforcement
Officers will continue to actively participate by flying with USCG C-130
aircraft.
L. Low of National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) made a powerpoint
presentation on the new findings of scientific information which may be
helpful to assist NPAFC enforcement activities.
The powerpoint depicted general conceptual models of seasonal
migration of Pacific salmon in the open ocean, seasonal migration models
of Japanese chum salmon, thermal limits of salmon distribution, sampling
methods of stock identification, etc. The powerpoint presentation
provided by NMFS is uploaded on IIS.
K. Fox of the United States reported a review of 2010 driftnet activities.
The report on the threat assessment includes details on the threat areas
and information on the vessels likely to engage in driftnet fishing. One
significant change for the 2011 Threat Assessment is the designation of
multiple threat areas covering small sections of the Convention Area, and
effective for shorter periods of time than in past years.
For the second year in a row, there was a decline in sightings of HSDN
fishing. However, the sighting of the suspected HSDN vessels
Arvid
and
Ural 1
indicates that the threat of illegal driftnet fishing still exists. Analysis
of sea surface temperature (SST) showed that
Arvid
was likely to have
been engaged in salmon fishing and the
Ural
1 was in areas well outside
of the range for salmon and at the upper range for neon flying squid.