Page 6 - Annual Report 2011

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Foundation & Goals of the NPAFC
The North Pacific Anadromous Fish
Commission (NPAFC) was established
under the Convention for the Conservation
of Anadromous Stocks in the North Pacific
Ocean, signed at Moscow on February
11, 1992 by Canada, Japan, the Russian
Federation and the United States of America
(original Parties). The Convention entered
into force on February 16, 1993. On May
27, 2003 the Republic of Korea deposited its
instrument of accession to the Convention
and became the fifth member of the NPAFC.
With development of the Convention for
the Conservation of Anadromous Stocks
in the North Pacific Ocean, the process
of establishment of the comprehensive
international regime of conservation of salmon
resources in the North Pacific Ocean has
been completed.
The Convention is based on the recognition
that anadromous stocks intermingle
extensively during their migrations on the
high seas of the North Pacific; that the
States of origin have the primary interest in
and responsibility for such stocks; that the
fisheries for anadromous stocks should be
conducted only in waters within the 200-
mile zones and that the States of origin
make expenditures and forego economic
development opportunities to establish
favourable conditions to conserve and
manage these stocks.
The Convention also recognizes the
importance of scientific research and
establishment of an effective mechanism of
international cooperation for the conservation
of anadromous stocks in the North Pacific
Ocean based on coordinating efforts.
The goal of conservation is consolidated by
prohibition of directed fishing for anadromous
fish in the Convention Area. Therefore the
Convention represents an important instrument
of collective responsibility and cooperative
efforts of the Contracting Parties in protection
and conservation of the North Pacific salmon
The NPAFC promotes the conservation of
salmonids in the North Pacific Ocean and
its adjacent seas and serves as a forum for
cooperation in and coordination of enforcement
activities and scientific research.
The strength of this Commission lies in the
shared purpose and active efforts of the
Contracting Parties to ensure the conservation
and sustainable utilization of North Pacific
salmon resources for the benefit of domestic
fishermen in their respective waters. As a result,
the Commission in its brief history has become
a model of positive and successful international
NPAFC consists of three committees: Scientific
Research and Statistics (CSRS), Enforcement
(ENFO), and Finance and Administration (F&A);
Science Sub-Committee (SSC), several Working
Groups, and Secretariat. The Headquarters
of the Commission is located at Vancouver,